Nicholas II (May 18, 1868 - July 17, 1918) was the last Tsar of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and titular King of Poland. His official title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias and he is currently regarded as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer by the Moscow Patriarchate of the Russian Orthodox Church. Nicholas II ruled from 1894 until his abdication on March 15, 1917. His reign saw Imperial Russia go from being one of the foremost great powers of the world to an economic and military disaster. Under his rule, Russia was defeated in the Russo-Japanese War. As head of state, he approved the Russian mobilization of August 1914, which marked the first fatal step into World War I and thus into the demise of the Romanov dynasty less than four years later.
Obverse: Head of Nicholas II.
Reverse: Arms with Russian eagle.
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